The spring of 1901 witnessed an interesting mix of holiness parties in the city of Chicago. In March the Metropolitan Church Association began its highly publicized Chicago Holiness Convention. In May the National Holiness Association held its General Holiness Assembly. Since the Holiness Convention continued into May both groups met in the First Methodist Church but in different locations and at different times. While several NHA delegates, including Nazarenes, attended and participated in the MCA convention, the two meetings revealed contrasting understandings of the holiness movement. The General Holiness Assembly represented the more moderate holiness voices, some of whom remained within the traditional churches, while others had formed independent holiness churches like the Church of the Nazarene. They focused their preaching on the doctrine of entire sanctification. The Holiness Convention reflected an emerging radical holiness movement that called for separation from the traditional churches into independent holiness churches. More importantly, they promoted other issues along with entire sanctification: physical demonstration in worship as well as unique views on church finance and divine healing. The radical holiness movement’s understanding of what it meant to live by faith gave them a particular perspective on finance and health care.